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The study affirmed the relevance of some well-established general destination attributes of Thailand and also revealed some specific attributes related to meditation retreats. Perceived benefits received from meditation retreats were found to relate to the body physiological well-being , the mind psychological well-being as well as the spirit spiritual well-being. Further, characteristics of meditation tourism were identified and discussed in terms of product features and a typology of meditation tourist: the incidental meditation tourist IMT , the purposeful meditation tourist PMT and the casual meditation tourist CMT.

This study also provides recommendations to meditation centres and national tourism organisations for the development of meditation tourism. In sum, the results of this study provide knowledge to better understand this tourism field as well as articulating the implications of this knowledge for the strategic planning of this tourism niche in Thailand. Keywords meditation, retreat, motivation, health, well-being, tourism.

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Phuket as a tourist destination

By Charity Mapingure. Kukku project final. By antony thomas purackal. By Novie Afrillies. Wellness tourists: in search of transformation. By Gary Howat and Graham Brown. Download pdf. Remember me on this computer. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. Need an account? Tourism Authority of Thailand [42] further explained that tourism had caused problems in changing the traditional culture of the local community as it has introduced the lifestyle, customs and traditions of Thai society to attract more tourists.

Positive Environmental Impacts Tourism can lead to the conservation and preservation of sensitive areas and residences directly through revenue from similar access fees and resources.

Some governments collect money more extensively and unfavourably, which is not linked to specific parks or conservation area, for example, fees, income tax, sales or rental of recreational- Cohen, E. Contemporary Tourism: Diversity and Change. Oxford: Elsevier Haralambopoulos, N. Perceived impacts of tourism: the case ofSamos.

Annals of Tourism Research, 23, — Dogan, H. Socio-cultural Impacts of Tourism. Annals of Tourism Research, 16, Host perceptions ofimpacts: A Comparative Tourism Study. Annals of Tourism Research, 29 1 , — The funds can be used for projects and general conservation activities such as park staff salaries and park maintenance Aslam, [43]. Tourism development helps to preserve the natural environment, select or prevent ecological degradation, preserve historic buildings and monuments, improve visuals and aesthetics, and clean industrial areas, such as the absence of high smokestacks Andereck, [44].

According to Sunlu, [45], How can the tourism industry lead to environmental conservation? Improved environmental management and Pre-planning for tourism development can prevent serious and costly damage, avoiding the deterioration of critical environmental assets for tourism. The tourism industry can increase environmental awareness. Tourism has significant potential to increase public awareness of the environment and to raise awareness of environmental issues when dealing with nature and the environment.

Legal measures to compensate for the negative impact. For example, controlling the number of tourist activities and movement of visitors within the protected area can limit the impact on the ecosystem and help maintain the integrity and vitality of the area. Such limits can also reduce the negative impact.

Negative Environmental Impacts Tourism development has a negative impact on the environment due to air, noise, landfill and waste from terrain and land for agriculture, tourism, loss of open space, destruction of plants and animals, as well as collection of animal, rock and coral species or artifacts11 Buultjens, J.

Tourism Management, 26 5 , Andereck, K. InMcCool, S. Sunlu, U. Environmental impacts of tourism. In Local resources and global trades: Environments and agriculture in the Mediterranean region eds. Camarda and L. Gras -sini pp. Retrieved on 3 March He also added negative effects on the environment of tourism, namely air pollution due to excessive use of vehicles in the attraction sites. The problem of the use of agricultural land, habitat or recreation, or perhaps under strict conservation control, damage to archaeological sites and antiquities because of overuse or exploitation of archaeological sites.

And dangerous fragments that are dangerous to the environment can lead to disaster, the vibration, wear and destruction too. The staff of the Ayutthaya Fine Arts Department Charassri, [48] said that the road infrastructure in nearby areas show significant problems with pollution and damage due to smoke, exhaust and vibration from the affected traffic has impacted on the fragile monuments in recent years, and the design of the new buildings is not consistent with most Ayutthaya monuments.

Positive Economic Impacts Tourism has a variety of economic impacts.

Urban Youngsters Develop Tourism for Rural Destinations

Tourists are involved in sales, profits, jobs, taxes and income in the area. The most direct impact occurs within the main tourism sector, accommodation, restaurants, transportation and retail. Tourism affects most sectors of the economy.

The analysis of the economic impact of tourism activities will Gilbert, D. An explanatory examination of urban tourism impact, with reference to residents attitudes in the cities of Canterbury and Guildford Cities, 14 6 , — Leonard J. Lickorish An Introduction to Tourism.

Charassri, Naraphong Silpakorn University. A standard economic impact analysis will indicate the flow of money from tourism expenditures, primarily to businesses and government agencies, where tourists spend their money and to other businesses that supply goods and services to tourism businesses and also the households with income from work in the tourism industry or supporting industries; Government passes taxes and fees for business travellers and households. Officially, regional economists distinguish direct and indirect economic effects.

Indirect effects and occurrences are sometimes called secondary impact. The overall economic impact of tourism is the sum of indirect, indirect, and incidental effects within the region.

Tourist Airport Experience - Thailand

Any of these effects may be measured as total or sales, income, employment, or value added Daniel [49]. The overall contribution of tourism includes a broader impact "indirect and consequential effects" on the 'indirect' economy, including GDP and jobs supported by, table 1: - Tourism investment is an important part of current and future activities, including investment activities such as the purchase of new aircraft and the construction of new hotels.

Daniel J. The negative impact on tourism development is the increase in prices of goods and services, the increase in land and housing prices, the increase in the cost of living, the increase in labour productivity, the importation of additional costs for public utilities. Water, sewer, energy, medical, etc. Table 1. Positive and Negative of tourism on economic impacts.

Source: Kreag Tourism also has a negative impact on real estate as well, such as the increase in real estate prices, real estate, goods and services, and much more Marzuki, [52].

Urban Youngsters Develop Tourism for Rural Destinations

In a broader context, the progress of tourism development will generate income and expenditures on the domestic economy due to the increasing demand of tourists. Tourism will contribute to the increase of prices and fees for products and services that are not tourist attractions. Marzuki, A. Impacts of tourism development. Cultural heritage tourism management.

Tourism is an important management issue in both the natural and cultural world heritage. It is a well-known cost industry, and also can help protect. We recognise this potential and strongly believe that by engaging and by taking appropriate action at various levels of the sustainable tourism process, tourism can be managed to generate net benefits. Each protected area must have a clear plan for tourism management and other development plans. The plan must show the desired future status and the most effective and acceptable way to achieve that goal.


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This includes specific objectives identified based on the basis of each area, such as: Describe the purpose of tourism development and identify the implementation of budget management, financing and zoning, all of which are essential to achieving the objectives Armand, [53].

According to Jin Win Chong's [54] analysis of the complexities that lie behind the conflict is the cause of exploitation of cultural heritage on overlapping borders. It also suggests a broader review of these conflicts as a result of historical ties and as a result of the integration of Southeast Asian nations and which has been used for cultural heritage to create a nation and have different paths of experience to a different nationality. Moreover, Jin Win Chong also points out the link between the issue of cultural heritage in terms of intellectual property and the issue of copyright that accelerates the conflict.

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This article argues that the intellectual property law may not be sufficient to deal with conflicts over regional cultural heritage and that legal instruments can't resolve disputes. It emphasises the intricacies of cultural heritage. Sustainable natural and cultural heritage tourism in protected areas: case strudy, Jin Win Chong The Thais' minds are more focused on temples and places of worship than monuments and ruins, such as the idea of Europe, because Buddhism places importance on the life and beliefs of Thai people.

So all the artefacts, crafts, sculptures and architecture were invented by religious inspiration. Usually, when these sacred things are damaged, they will be fixed, preserved or restored to their native way in order to merit and follow the path of the Buddha. Unfortunately, there are not enough written principles or systematic management to demonstrate such techniques and activities.

Impacts of religious tourism in Thailand

Oral narrative and practice are the way they have been successful for generations. However, the earliest evidence of cultural heritage management can be found in stone carvings in the form of the renaissance of the Buddha. Therefore, the role of the Fine Arts Department is to emphasise the preservation of archaeological heritage in order to protect, preserve and restore the arts, culture, traditions and rituals as well as the national identity as the basis for development for success. To promote the system and dynamics of cultural management to manage knowledge and to improve the cultural heritage as a source of learning and tourism, and to provide specific knowledge to sustain success through sustainable development keeping value and value appropriate science and technology the work of this department may have been inspired by international charters, such as the Charter of Venice, the first charter inspired by the Heritage Conservation Act, and the Charter of Florence.


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It also broadens the perspective and implementation of the project with the use of the Washington Charter, the importance of historical and urban cities, the Charter of Lausanne, the management of archaeological protection, and the Charter of Mexico, a landmark issue culture of the country afterwards.

Fine Art Department, [55]. It can be concluded that historical and cultural resources related to individuals, events or aspects of the community in the past make the community unique and tell the story. These resources are the most visible reflection of the heritage of the community. Recognition16 Fine Art Department. Task and Responsibility. Retrieved on June 9, , from www.